Many women struggle with infertility in Nigeria caused by various factors which are usually not detected on time. One of these factors can be Polycystic Ovarian Syndrome. Polycystic ovarian syndrome (PCOS) is a complex syndrome with no clear cause.
polycystic = many cysts
and syndromes = meaning a group of symptoms that affect the ovaries.
The three main symptoms associated with PCOS are irregular periods, high levels of the male hormone (androgen) and the presence of cysts in the ovaries. Two or three of these symptoms must be present before a woman can be diagnosed with PCOS. It affects the hormone levels of a woman causing the woman to have skipped periods and heavy bleeding, its greatest effect is on the fertility of the woman, it makes getting pregnant more difficult. PCOS also causes hair growth on the face and body, and baldness which is due to the effect of the male hormones. It not only affects fertility also causes long-term health problems like diabetes and heart disease.
The cause of PCOS is not known. There are known risk factors such as:
PCOS is diagnosed when three of the symptoms are present. The signs and symptoms include:
Your doctor would need to have some blood tests, pelvic exam and an ultrasound to confirm if you have PCOS.
There is no known cure for PCOS, however, symptoms are treated through:
PCOS has some long term effects such as
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